Material Jekyll is a set of Polymer components helping to set up a Jekyll template. Few modifications where needed, one was pushed to the initial repository as it could be useful to other users: colors customization with a single Jekyll data file.
The Web (noted www for World Wide Web) is the system constituted by links between hypertext documents, what reminds the shape of a spider's work. These documents are text files respecting the HyperText Markup Language (HTML). These files are exchanged using the HyperText Transfer Protocol (HTTP). A simple Web transaction occurs between a Web server (e.g Apache HTTP server, Apache Tomcat, IIS) and a computer workstation where it is visualized by a human user in a Web brower (e.g. Internet Explorer, Mozilla Firefox, Apple Safari, Google Chrome).
The idea was initially proposed by Sir Tim Berners-Lee and Robert Cailliau in 1990 at the CERN. The Web currently evolves in the frame of an international group: the World Wide Web Consortium (W3C). This group produces recommendations which act as standards to be respected by Web browsers.
In 2001, an article by Berners-Lee et al. introduced the idea of the Semantic Web. That idea would simplify internationalization issues and allow inference what could possibly induce logical deduction using prositional calculus. These topics have still to be developed to become concrete. The Resource Description Framework (RDF) is a standard model for pure semantic documents. The Microdata W3C recommendation allows the integration of semantic relationships in HTML documents.
In 2004, the W3C described the Architecture of the World Wide Web, Volume One. That document insists on the importance of resources identification with URIs. By the way, hypertext links are confirmed in their composition of the Web because of resources references.
In the period between 2005 and 2010, the Web followed three different trends:
- Rich Internet Applications (RIA) largely using asynchronous calls (e.g. Gmail)
- Rich client applications transferred on the HTTP protocol (e.g. Adobe Flash, Microsoft Silverlight)
- The Representational State Transfer (ReST) architectural style defined by Roy Fielding as a client-server model taking advantage of hyperlinks
It seems at the end of that period rich client applications are on the decline and RIAs are let aside. The ReST architectural style is arguably claimed by many systems. However, the initial architecture taking advantage of hyperlinks is largely used, what simplifies the rendering by Web browsers and the crawling by search engines.